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Probabilistic Projection of the Sex Ratio at Birth and Missing Female Births by State and Union Territory in India

The sex ratio at birth (SRB) in India has been reported to be imbalanced since the 1970s. Previous studies have shown there is a great variation in the SRB between geographic locations across India till 2016. Considering the enormous population and …

On the estimation of female births missing due to prenatal sex selection

This research note is prompted by a paper by Kashyap (Is prenatal sex selection associated with lower female child mortality? Population Studies 73(1) 57--78). Kashyap's paper, which provides 40 original estimates of missing female births, relies on …

Large expert-curated database for benchmarking document similarity detection in biomedical literature search

Document recommendation systems for locating relevant literature have mostly relied on methods developed a decade ago. This is largely due to the lack of a large offline gold-standard benchmark of relevant documents that cover a variety of research …

Levels and trends in the sex ratio at birth and missing female births for 29 states and union territories in India 1990-2016: A Bayesian modeling study

The sex ratio at birth (SRB) has risen in India and reaches well beyond the levels under normal circumstances since the 1970s. The lasting imbalanced SRB has resulted in much more males than females in India. A population with severely distorted sex …

Systematic assessment of the sex ratio at birth for all countries and estimation of national imbalances and regional reference levels

We identify 12 countries with strong statistical evidence of SRB imbalance during 1970--2017, resulting in 45.0 (95% uncertainty interval [36.4; 54.8]) million missing female births globally. The majority of those missing female births are in China, …

National and regional under-5 mortality rate by economic status for low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic assessment

For all low-income and middle-income countries (excluding China) combined, the absolute disparities in under-5 mortality rate between the poorest and richest households have narrowed significantly since 1990, whereas the relative differences have …

How informative are vital registration data for estimating maternal mortality? A Bayesian analysis of WHO adjustment data and parameters

Monitoring maternal mortality is challenging due to fragmented data of varying quality. The maternal mortality estimates published by the WHO in 2012 included data adjustment parameters to account for these data quality issues, but there was a …

National, regional, and global sex ratios of infant, child, and under-5 mortality and identification of countries with outlying ratios: a systematic assessment

Important differences exist between boys and girls with respect to survival up to the age of 5 years. Survival chances tend to improve more rapidly for girls compared with boys as total mortality decreases, with a reversal of this trend at very low …